FROM BIRTH TO WEANING
From the moment the cubs open their eyes, they live with their mother and their littermates. It is at that moment, when they begin to develop their senses. Initially, they develop a sense of smell, which helps them find their way to their mother’s breasts, which they instinctively recognize as a source of nutrition.
The mother takes care of her cubs by licking them and keeping them warm with her body. She licks them, not only to clean them, but also to establish their basic physiological functions. Puppies need food and warmth. When the mother is temporarily away from them, they group together to compensate for the heat loss that she avoids with her fur. Human contact is important because, by handling and petting them, puppies become aware of the presence of human beings in their environment from an early age.
The recommended time to wean the puppies is around 40 days from birth. From then on, in general, the puppies are prepared to eat soft food, consisting of combining dry food with warm water, according to the recommended rations.
Puppies may be a bit restless at first, but after observing their mother, who serves as an example, they will soon start to get used to the new flavors. Gradually, you can begin to withdraw soft food to end up giving them only dry food.
After 3 months gradually reduce the amount of water added. For healthy development make sure your puppy maintains a lean body condition during growth. Adjust the daily amounts based on your puppy’s activity level, physical condition, and individual needs. Always leave clean and fresh water at your disposal. To keep your dog healthy, see your vet regularly.
When the puppies are one month old, it is important to leave water available to them throughout the day. In the early stages of the transition from soft to dry food, you will notice significant changes. The puppies will begin to interact and play with each other, improving their posture and movements.
The moment has arrived. Your puppy has just arrived in her new home. You want their life to be amazing from day one, and we are here to help you get there.
Puppies love to sniff everything around them. With a few simple tips, you can control this concern:
- Keep your puppy in a limited area of your home, away from spaces that may pose a risk to him.
- Avoid leaving medicines or products that contain chemical agents within reach.
- Make sure you don’t have access to cables or plugs.
- Never let it access foods like chocolate, as its ingestion is toxic to dogs.
In parallel, to ensure the correct adaptation of your puppy and provide him with the greatest well-being in his new home, you must have the following elements on hand and not neglect these aspects:
- A bowl for food and another for water: choose resistant and easy-to-clean materials.
- Your bed: it will be your place of rest and relaxation. It is very important that you get used to it from the first moment. Choose a bed that adapts to your initial measurements and needs, although you can also find some on the market that are adjusted to your growth phases. Place it in a quiet and easy-to-clean space, but make sure it is close to you or your family, so that your puppy feels safe in her own space.
- A collar and a leash: check that your first collar meets quality standards in terms of material and strength (nylon or leather). Try to get your puppy used to the collar as soon as possible. This will make your first walks and subsequent training satisfactory for both of you.
- Brushing and bathing: To ensure that your puppy stays healthy and clean, brushing should be part of his grooming routine. Choose the one that best suits your breed and hair type. Check with your vet about the frequency of their baths, and never use shampoos recommended for adults, babies or children.
- Dental care: puppies usually lose their baby teeth by 6 or 7 months. Despite this, it is vital that she get used to brushing her teeth as soon as possible to create a healthy habit in her. It starts with gentle brushing and, as he gets older and more familiar with this activity, uses a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste. In no case, use products intended for adults.